Sabbath study: From the verses below the list of questions—except for #’s 19 & 21—answer the following:

1.        When and why was the Sabbath instituted?

2.        Some say Sabbath is just for Jews. Were there any Jews around when Sabbath was put in place?

3.       In Ex. 20 we find the 10 commandments. Which ones are now out of date?

4.       In the law, who all was told to rest on the Sabbath?

5.       What do you find in the Word – both in the Old and New Covenant writings – that we are told we may and may not do on the Sabbath?

6.       What was the punishment in the Old Covenant days for breaking the Sabbath?

7.       What does it mean to keep the Sabbath “holy”?

8.       What does the story of the manna in the wilderness tell us about God’s provision for us even though we do not have Sabbath as a work day?

9.       Nehemiah said the Israelites “profaned” the Sabbath day. What does “profane “mean in that passage? Specifically describe how today someone’s behavior or words could profane the Sabbath.

10.   What are some promises to those who keep His Sabbath?

11.    What is it about the Sabbath that we should be delighted in?

12.     What would it mean to seek my own pleasure on the Sabbath (in a way that would displease God)?

13.    Describe some things we are CERTAIN would please God as Sabbath activities.

14.     Describe some things we know would NOT please God as Sabbath activities.

15.     Describe some things that are hard to determine whether it is good or bad to do on the Sabbath.

16.     Is the Sabbath for this age alone?

17.    Did the people of God still observe the holy convocation on Sabbath after the resurrection of Jesus?

18.     Is there anything you can find in the New Covenant writings that would tell you for sure that Sabbath was switched from the seventh day to the first day of the week?

19.   Do a historical study online to discover when the Sabbath went from the seventh day to the first day of the week.

20.   What are some things that happened in the synagogue on Sabbath?

21.    The following 3 passages have caused some to question keeping the Sabbath.  Do your best to explain each one and say whether or not you believe the passage impacts Sabbath keeping.

                               Col 2: 16    Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the Sabbath days: 17 Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.18         Let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary humility and worshipping of angels, intruding into those things which he hath not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind, 19            And not holding the Head, from which all the body by joints and bands having nourishment ministered, and knit together, increased with the increase of God.20         Wherefore if ye be dead with Christ from the rudiments of the world, why, as though living in the world, are ye subject to ordinances,21 (Touch not; taste not; handle not;22            Which all are to perish with the using;) after the commandments and doctrines of men?23        Which things have indeed a show of wisdom in will worship, and humility, and neglecting of the body; not in any honor to the satisfying of the flesh.(KJV)                                   Gal 4: 8 Howbeit then, when ye knew not God, ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods.9         But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage?10 Ye observe days, and months, and times, and years.11 I am afraid of you, lest I have bestowed upon you labor in vain. (KJV)            Rom 14:4          who art thou that judges another man's servant? To his own master he standees or fillet. Yea, he shall be holden up: for God is able to make him stand.5  One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day alike. Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind.6        He that regardeth the day, regardeth it unto the Lord; and he that regardeth not the day, to the Lord he doth not regard it. He that eateth, eateth to the Lord, for he giveth God thanks; and he that eateth not, to the Lord he eateth not, and giveth God thanks. (KJV)

22.   How did the apostles expect the Gentiles to learn about the laws of God?

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Gen 2:1          Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.2          And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.3          And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made. (KJV)

Exod 20: 8     Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy9        Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: 10            But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: 11            For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.(KJV)

Exod 23:12    Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may be refreshed. (KJV)

Lev 23: 2        Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts.3          Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings. (KJV)

Deut 5: 14      But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates; that thy manservant and thy maidservant may rest as well as thou.15            And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and that the LORD thy God brought thee out thence through a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm: therefore the LORD thy God commanded thee to keep the sabbath day.(KJV)

Exod 16: 21   And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted.22            And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses.23           And he said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.24      And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein.25       And Moses said, Eat that to day; for to day is a sabbath unto the LORD: to day ye shall not find it in the field.26    Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the sabbath, in it there shall be none.27    And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none.28And the LORD said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my commandments and my laws? 29          See, for that the LORD hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.30 So the people rested on the seventh day. (KJV)

Exod 31: 14   Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.15     Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death.16     Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant.17          It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed.18           And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.(KJV)

Num 15: 32    And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man that gathered sticks upon the sabbath day.33   And they that found him gathering sticks brought him unto Moses and Aaron, and unto all the congregation.34    And they put him in ward, because it was not declared what should be done to him. 35            And the LORD said unto Moses, The man shall be surely put to death: all the congregation shall stone him with stones without the camp.36    And all the congregation brought him without the camp, and stoned him with stones, and he died; as the LORD commanded Moses. (KJV)

Neh 10:31      And if the people of the land bring ware or any victuals on the sabbath day to sell, that we would not buy it of them on the sabbath, or on the holy day: and that we would leave the seventh year, and the exaction of every debt. (KJV)

Neh 13: 15     In those days saw I in Judah some treading wine presses on the sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and lading asses; as also wine, grapes, and figs, and all manner of burdens, which they brought into Jerusalem on the sabbath day: and I testified against them in the day wherein they sold victuals.16          There dwelt men of Tyre also therein, which brought fish, and all manner of ware, and sold on the sabbath unto the children of Judah, and in Jerusalem.17 Then I contended with the nobles of Judah, and said unto them, What evil thing is this that ye do, and profane the sabbath day?18         Did not your fathers thus, and did not our God bring all this evil upon us, and upon this city? yet ye bring more wrath upon Israel by profaning the sabbath.19  And it came to pass, that when the gates of Jerusalem began to be dark before the sabbath, I commanded that the gates should be shut, and charged that they should not be opened till after the sabbath: and some of my servants set I at the gates, that there should no burden be brought in on the sabbath day.20      So the merchants and sellers of all kind of ware lodged without Jerusalem once or twice.21 Then I testified against them, and said unto them, Why lodge ye about the wall? if ye do so again, I will lay hands on you. From that time forth came they no more on the sabbath. (KJV)

Isa 56: 1         Thus saith the LORD, Keep ye judgment, and do justice: for my salvation is near to come, and my righteousness to be revealed. 2       Blessed is the man that doeth this, and the son of man that layeth hold on it; that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil.3            Neither let the son of the stranger, that hath joined himself to the LORD, speak, saying, The LORD hath utterly separated me from his people: neither let the eunuch say, Behold, I am a dry tree.4  For thus saith the LORD unto the eunuchs that keep my sabbaths, and choose the things that please me, and take hold of my covenant; 5      Even unto them will I give in mine house and within my walls a place and a name better than of sons and of daughters: I will give them an everlasting name, that shall not be cut off.6      Also the sons of the stranger, that join themselves to the LORD, to serve him, and to love the name of the LORD, to be his servants, every one that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and taketh hold of my covenant;7         Even them will I bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer: their burnt offerings and their sacrifices shall be accepted upon mine altar; for mine house shall(KJV)

Isa 58: 13       If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the LORD, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words: 14   Then shalt thou delight thyself in the LORD; and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it. (KJV)

Isa 66: 22       For as the new heavens and the new earth, which I will make, shall remain before me, saith the LORD, so shall your seed and your name remain.23 And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, saith the LORD. (KJV)

 

Jer 17: 21       Thus saith the LORD; Take heed to yourselves, and bear no burden on the sabbath day, nor bring it in by the gates of Jerusalem; 22   Neither carry forth a burden out of your houses on the sabbath day, neither do ye any work, but hallow ye the sabbath day, as I commanded your fathers.23            But they obeyed not, neither inclined their ear, but made their neck stiff, that they might not hear, nor receive instruction.24          And it shall come to pass, if ye diligently hearken unto me, saith the LORD, to bring in no burden through the gates of this city on the sabbath day, but hallow the sabbath day, to do no work therein;25      Then shall there enter into the gates of this city kings and princes sitting upon the throne of David, riding in chariots and on horses, they, and their princes, the men of Judah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem: and this city shall remain for ever.26           And they shall come from the cities of Judah, and from the places about Jerusalem, and from the land of Benjamin, and from the plain, and from the mountains, and from the south, bringing burnt offerings, and sacrifices, and meat offerings, and incense, and bringing sacrifices of praise, unto the house of the LORD. 27         But if ye will not hearken unto me to hallow the sabbath day, and not to bear a burden, even entering in at the gates of Jerusalem on the sabbath day; then will I kindle a fire in the gates thereof, and it shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem, and it shall not be quenched. (KJV)

Amos 8: 4      Hear this, O ye that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail, 5            Saying, When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? and the sabbath, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, and the shekel great, and falsifying the balances by deceit? 6  That we may buy the poor for silver, and the needy for a pair of shoes; yea, and sell the refuse of the wheat? 7       The LORD hath sworn by the excellency of Jacob, Surely I will never forget any of their works.

Matt 12:1        At that time Jesus went on the sabbath day through the corn; and his disciples were an hungred, and began to pluck the ears of corn, and to eat.2    But when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto him, Behold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do upon the sabbath day.3   But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungred, and they that were with him;

4          How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the shewbread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the priests? 5          Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless? 6        But I say unto you, That in this place is one greater than the temple.7       But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless.

8          For the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath day.9     And when he was departed thence, he went into their synagogue: 10   And, behold, there was a man which had his hand withered. And they asked him, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath days? that they might accuse him.11        And he said unto them, What man shall there be among you, that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a pit on the sabbath day, will he not lay hold on it, and lift it out? 12       How much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days.13         Then saith he to the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched it forth; and it was restored whole, like as the other.

Matt 28:1        In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre.2      And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it. (KJV)

Mark 1:2121  And they went into Capernaum; and straightway on the sabbath day he entered into the synagogue, and taught. {rb this is referring to Jesus teaching}  (KJV)

Mark 3:1         And he entered again into the synagogue; and there was a man there which had a withered hand.2            And they watched him, whether he would heal him on the sabbath day; that they might accuse him.3 And he saith unto the man which had the withered hand, Stand forth.

4          And he saith unto them, Is it lawful to do good on the sabbath days, or to do evil? to save life, or to kill? But they held their peace.5       And when he had looked round about on them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts, he saith unto the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched it out: and his hand was restored whole as the other. (KJV)

Mark 6:2         And when the sabbath day was come, he began to teach in the synagogue: and many hearing him were astonished, saying, From whence hath this man these things? and what wisdom is this which is given unto him, that even such mighty works are wrought by his hands? { rb this is referring to Jesus} (KJV)

Luke 4: 31      And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath days.32   And they were astonished at his doctrine: for his word was with power. {rb re: Jesus}

Luke 13: 11    And, behold, there was a woman which had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years, and was bowed together, and could in no wise lift up herself.12          And when Jesus saw her, he called her to him, and said unto her, Woman, thou art loosed from thine infirmity.13         And he laid his hands on her: and immediately she was made straight, and glorified God.14           And the ruler of the synagogue answered with indignation, because that Jesus had healed on the sabbath day, and said unto the people, There are six days in which men ought to work: in them therefore come and be healed, and not on the sabbath day.15  The Lord then answered him, and said, Thou hypocrite, doth not each one of you on the sabbath loose his ox or his ass from the stall, and lead him away to watering?16         And ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan hath bound, lo, these eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the sabbath day?17        And when he had said these things, all his adversaries were ashamed: and all the people rejoiced for all the glorious things that were done by him.(KJV)

Luke 23: 56    And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment. (KJV)

John 5: 8        Jesus saith unto him, Rise, take up thy bed, and walk.9  And immediately the man was made whole, and took up his bed, and walked: and on the same day was the sabbath.10  The Jews therefore said unto him that was cured, It is the sabbath day: it is not lawful for thee to carry thy bed.11 He answered them, He that made me whole, the same said unto me, Take up thy bed, and walk.12          Then asked they him, What man is that which said unto thee, Take up thy bed, and walk? 13            And he that was healed wist not who it was: for Jesus had conveyed himself away, a multitude being in that place.14      Afterward Jesus findeth him in the temple, and said unto him, Behold, thou art made whole: sin no more, lest a worse thing come unto thee.15           The man departed, and told the Jews that it was Jesus, which had made him whole.16       And therefore did the Jews persecute Jesus, and sought to slay him, because he had done these things on the sabbath day.17            But Jesus answered them, My Father worketh hitherto, and I work.18          Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the sabbath, but said also that God was his Father, making himself equal with God.19  Then answered Jesus and said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the Father do: for what things soever he doeth, these also(KJV)

John 7: 22      Moses therefore gave unto you circumcision; (not because it is of Moses, but of the fathers;) and ye on the sabbath day circumcise a man.23            If a man on the sabbath day receive circumcision, that the law of Moses should not be broken; are ye angry at me, because I have made a man every whit whole on the sabbath day? 24          Judge not according to the appearance, but judge righteous judgment. (KJV)

John 9: 10      Therefore said they unto him, How were thine eyes opened? 11            He answered and said, A man that is called Jesus made clay, and anointed mine eyes, and said unto me, Go to the pool of Siloam, and wash: and I went and washed, and I received sight.12        Then said they unto him, Where is he? He said, I know not.13 They brought to the Pharisees him that aforetime was blind.14  And it was the sabbath day when Jesus made the clay, and opened his eyes.15        Then again the Pharisees also asked him how he had received his sight. He said unto them, He put clay upon mine eyes, and I washed, and do see.16         Therefore said some of the Pharisees, This man is not of God, because he keepeth not the sabbath day. Others said, How can a man that is a sinner do such miracles? And there was a division among them. (KJV)

Acts 13: 13    Now when Paul and his company loosed from Paphos, they came to Perga in Pamphylia: and John departing from them returned to Jerusalem.14   But when they departed from Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, and went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and sat down.15 And after the reading of the law and the prophets the rulers of the synagogue sent unto them, saying, Ye men and brethren, if ye have any word of exhortation for the people, say on.16          Then Paul stood up, and beckoning with his hand said, Men of Israel, and ye that fear God, give audience.(KJV)

Acts 13: 26    Men and brethren, children of the stock of Abraham, and whosoever among you feareth God, to you is the word of this salvation sent.27         For they that dwell at Jerusalem, and their rulers, because they knew him not, nor yet the voices of the prophets which are read every sabbath day, they have fulfilled them in condemning him. (KJV)

Acts 13: 42    And when the Jews were gone out of the synagogue, the Gentiles besought that these words might be preached to them the next sabbath. (KJV)

Acts 13: 43    Now when the congregation was broken up, many of the Jews and religious proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas: who, speaking to them, persuaded them to continue in the grace of God.44    And the next sabbath day came almost the whole city together to hear the word of God. (KJV)

Acts 15: 19    Wherefore my sentence is, that we trouble not them, which from among the Gentiles are turned to God: 20            But that we write unto them, that they abstain from pollutions of idols, and from fornication, and from things strangled, and from blood.21  For Moses of old time hath in every city them that preach him, being read in the synagogues every sabbath day. (KJV)

Acts 16:13     And on the sabbath we went out of the city by a river side, where prayer was wont to be made; and we sat down, and spake unto the women which resorted thither.14        And a certain woman named Lydia, a seller of purple, of the city of Thyatira, which worshipped God, heard us: whose heart the Lord opened, that she attended unto the things which were spoken of Paul.15   And when she was baptized, and her household, she besought us, saying, If ye have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come into my house, and abide there. And she constrained us. (KJV)

Acts 17: 1       Now when they had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where was a synagogue of the Jews: 2     And Paul, as his manner was, went in unto them, and three sabbath days reasoned with them out of the scriptures, 3           Opening and alleging, that Christ must needs have suffered, and risen again from the dead; and that this Jesus, whom I preach unto you, is Christ.4    And some of them believed, and consorted with Paul and Silas; and of the devout Greeks a great multitude, and of the chief women not a few.(KJV)

Acts 18: 1       After these things Paul departed from Athens, and came to Corinth; 2  And found a certain Jew named Aquila, born in Pontus, lately come from Italy, with his wife Priscilla; (because that Claudius had commanded all Jews to depart from Rome:) and came unto them.3     And because he was of the same craft, he abode with them, and wrought: for by their occupation they were tentmakers.4        And he reasoned in the synagogue every sabbath, and persuaded the Jews and the Greeks. (KJV)

Acts 13: 13    Now when Paul and his company loosed from Paphos, they came to Perga in Pamphylia: and John departing from them returned to Jerusalem.14   But when they departed from Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, and went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and sat down.15 And after the reading of the law and the prophets the rulers of the synagogue sent unto them, saying, Ye men and brethren, if ye have any word of exhortation for the people, say on. (KJV)