ROLLWMS and ROL Worship  study and activity  sheet

  1. Praise and worship time at ROL:

For each time we worship in our ROL services  from now through 2/20 be mindful of the following (students record your responses and submit before midnight 2/21):

  1. Am I being completely free in my worship? Are there promptings from the Holy Spirit (e.g. , to dance , to prophecy, to kneel, to raise my hands,etc.) that I do not obey when it is appropriate to do so?   Record the promptings I DID obey in spite of the temptation to disregard Him.
  2. In what t areas of worship expression am I the most free? What are the areas that I hesitate to be expressful in? Why? Am I way too aware of what others are doing before I do anything?
  3. What seem to be my favorite songs at ROL? I.e., what songs usher in a strong awareness of the Lord’s presence or characteristics that prompt me to respond whole heartedly? What songs “do nothing” for my spiritual life? 
  4. What do I respond to the most: Praise or Worship? Why do I think that is?
  5. What songs do I hear through my own listening times that I wish would be added to ROL’s list of songs? (They can be old or new).  During this period, be actively seeking some songs to cite  with that thought in mind.
  6. What things is the Lord saying to me during Praise and Worship time? (I.e., keep a record between here and 2/20 and be willing to share (students in open pulpit and on your paper; others: in open pulpit if you are willing to do so. The open pulpit will be on 2/20.)
  7. What distracts me during the praise and worship times?
  8. What could I do to better enter into praise and worship? (Be mindful of things occurring in the 24 hours preceding the service too.)  g., would it help me if I go up front to dance and/or praise?
  9. Write out the words of at least one song that we sing during this period and do a commentary on how the words connect to the Spirit, the Word, and your responses to that song.
  10. What is it those on the platform do (individually or collectively, sings, instrumentalists, and leaders) that help your worship/praise experience?  What else do you believe they could do to enhance this time?
  11. Make it a point to write one note of encouragement to at least one regular platform participant (mandatory for ROLLWMS students). (Do not write it to yourself, please J ). Write one more note to someone who was at their seat praising or worshiping who was a source of encouragement to you as you noticed them.

 Using verse references cited at the end of the paper AND finding your own in Bible study helps (e.g., the back of the Thompson Chain Reference Bible which is the ROLLWMS textbook), address the following : 

  1. Discuss the concept of prophesying on instruments.  If you are a musician, discuss a time you felt that is what you were doing OR take your instrument and ask the Lord to help you do that (for your first time) and describe what did happen—if you are alone, ask Him to reveal to you what He is saying to you through that exercise and record that.  If YOU play an instrument, demonstrate your prophetic song  in an open pulpit (that “directive” is not mandatory; however, you will stretch greatly if you practice/do that).
  2. Will there be praise and worship after we leave this age and our “earth suits”?
  3. Should we do praise and worship even if we don’t “feel” like it? Is that being  “fake”?  Hint:  See and share scripture that says some were literally ASSIGNED to the “work “of worship – what does that say about whether we have to be “in the mood”?
  4. In the Old Testament did people just get up and do whatever they wanted or were they especially trained to follow in their praise and worship tasks? Were there just a handful of people the praise and worship duties in the O.T.?
  5. State instruments mentioned in the Bible that were used during worship/praise.
  6. State movements used as part of praise and worship times in the Word
  7. Re 1 Chron 15: Describe the part music played when David brought in the Ark of the Covenant in 1 Chronicles 15.  What were they expected to feel and express during that time? In that passage why was Kenaniah in charge of the singing? What was David’s wife’s response to his exuberant praise? What was her punishment for her response?   Has there ever been a time you were embarrassed for someone at church because they got a bit too expressive?  If so, what did you do to make sure you were in tune with the Spirit and not giving in to fear of man?  Do you ever hold yourself back for fear of man?   What are you going to do about that (if “yes”)? Do you think there are some things you have seen during praise and worship time (ever, anywhere) that WERE totally inappropriate and DID distract from true worship?
  8. In 1 Chronicles 16 thoroughly study what David set up concerning the ark of the covenant and tell that story.
  9. David creates a song in that passage (1 Chr 16): Glean from that song the  types of phrases  he used and write a list here – e.g., “citing God’s past works in their nation’s life”.  Find at least three other passage (Psalms is good for that) to use to demonstrate the types of things we can include in our praise/worship language.  (The next time we just quietly praise the Lord on our own in church, intentionally use some of  types of  phrases you cite here and then state what adding to your praise vocabulary meant to you.)  Create a song from this passage and write it here. If you can sing, if you would like to you could use it in an open pulpit. 
  10. Discuss the connection of music and prophesy. What do you think happens in the worship service that prompts prophetic words more than seems to happen during preaching and/or another part of our service?

12. What do you see in the New Testament regarding music?

  1. This item comes from our Homeschool Worship class from years back: Sing repeatedly at least 4 of the songs cited below alone at home.  Discover if you can get into a deeper sense of the Lord’s presence by doing so. Think of the meaning of each word you sing.  Meditate on it.  Write what you experienced and/or what you heard the Lord saying during your time of worship. {This could also be a good open pulpit testimony.}

Every time we are gathered together in Your name; There You are also in power and in strength.

So let us continually offer the sacrifice of praise for it is good to sing praises to Your name.

For You inhabit the praises of Your people; So let our praise be an offering unto You.

And let the lifting of our hands be as the evening sacrifice.

Lord we love You; We really love You; Yes, we do 2x


Your grace and mercy brought me through, I’m living this moment because of You;

I want to praise You and thank You too,

Your grace and mercy brought me through.


Hold me , hold me; I ‘m in the midst of the storm

Jesus, hold me, hold me

I’ll be safe in my Father’s arms


In the presence of Jehovah, God Almighty, Prince of Peace

Troubles vanish; hearts are mended , in the presence of the King


Jesus draw me close, closer Lord to Thee, Let the world around me fade away.

Jesus draw me close, closer Lord to Thee,

For I desire to worship and obey.


Turn your eyes upon Jesus; Look full in His wonderful face.

And the things of earth will grow strangely dim; in the light of His glory and grace.


The greatest thing in all the world is knowing You (2x)

I want to know You more (2x)

The greatest thing in all the world is knowing You.


Jesus, name above all names; Beautiful Savior , Glorious Lord,

Emmanuel, God is With us, Blessed Redeemer, Living Word.


I worship You , Almighty God, there is none like You.

I worship You , oh Prince of Peace,

That is what I want to do.

I give You praise for You are my righteousness.

I worship You, Almighty God, there is none like You.


You are my life, Oh precious Christ; You are to me the Pearl of Greatest Price

My love for You will never die, Jesus, You are my life.

I come to You; I run to You. There’s no greater joy than loving You.

Conquering King, conquer my heart And make of me a living sacrifice

My love for You will never die; Jesus You are my life.


I’m loving You more every day, loving You more every day,

The more that I know You, I want to show You,

I ‘m loving You more; I ‘m loving You more; I’m loving You more every day.


. When I look into Your face, I love You,

When my eyes meet Your gaze, I love You,

When my heart is reaching out and longing for You,

There’s an aching deep inside to say how much I love you.

Jesus, my Brother; Jesus , my Friend; Jesus , my Bridegroom,

I love You, forever, I love You, I love You.


Jesus, we crown You with praise 2x

We love and adore You; we bow down before You.

Jesus, we crown You with praise.


Down at your feet , oh Lord, is the most high place

In Your presence , Lord, I seek Your face; I seek Your face.

There is no higher calling; no greater honor, than to kneel and bow before Your throne.

I’m amazed by your glory; embraced by your mercy.

Oh, Lord, I live to worship You

  1. Discuss how you think selfishness and pride is being dealt with by the Spirit during praise and worship times.
  2. . Having been more mindful of praise and worship times (both in church and alone or wherever it happened) throughout this particular school period, are there any new resolutions concerning your ongoing actions/attitude in this area?









End of assignment items


Here are some of the references you could use to address the topics/questions listed above; however, remember you can use  references  you look up on your own too.

1 Chron 25:1 Moreover David and the captains of the host separated to the service of the sons of Asaph, and of Heman, and of Jeduthun, who should prophesy with harps, with psalteries, and with cymbals: and the number of the workmen according to their service was: 

{Prophesy here = naba'  OT:5012 naba' (naw-baw'); a primitive root; to prophesy, i.e. speak (or sing) by inspiration (in prediction or simple discourse):  KJV - prophesy (-ing), makeself a prophet 

2 Of the sons of Asaph; Zaccur, and Joseph, and Nethaniah, and Asarelah, the sons of Asaph under the hands of Asaph, which prophesied according to the order of the king.  3 Of Jeduthun: the sons of Jeduthun; Gedaliah, and Zeri, and Jeshaiah, Hashabiah, and Mattithiah, six, under the hands of their father Jeduthun, who prophesied with a harp, to give thanks and to praise the LORD. 

{Give thanks = OT:3034 yadah (yaw-daw'); a primitive root; used only as denominative from OT:3027; literally, to use (i.e. hold out) the hand; physically, to throw (a stone, an arrow) at or away; especially to revere or worship (with extended hands); intensively, to bemoan (by wringing the hands): 

4 Of Heman: the sons of Heman; Bukkiah, Mattaniah, Uzziel, Shebuel, and Jerimoth, Hananiah, Hanani, Eliathah, Giddalti, and Romamti-ezer, Joshbekashah, Mallothi, Hothir, and Mahazioth:5 All these were the sons of Heman the king's seer in the words of God, to lift up the horn. And God gave to Heman fourteen sons and three daughters.6 All these were under the hands of their father for song in the house of the LORD, with cymbals, psalteries, and harps, for the service of the house of God, according to the king's order to Asaph, Jeduthun, and Heman.  7 So the number of them, with their brethren that were instructed in the songs of the LORD, even all that were cunning, was two hundred fourscore and eight. (248)

Cunning here = OT:995 biyn (bene); a primitive root; to separate mentally (or distinguish), i.e.(generally) understand:  KJV - attend, consider, be cunning, diligently, direct, discern, eloquent, feel, inform, instruct, have intelligence, know, look well to, mark, perceive, be prudent, regard, (can) skill (-full), teach, think, (cause, make to, get, give, have) understand (-ing), view, (deal) wise (-ly, man).

1 Chron 23:1 When David was old and full of years, he made his son Solomon king over Israel. 2 He also gathered together all the leaders of Israel, as well as the priests and Levites. 3 The Levites thirty years old or more were counted, and the total number of men was thirty-eight thousand. 4 David said, "Of these, twenty-four thousand are to supervise the work of the temple of the LORD and six thousand are to be officials and judges. 5 Four thousand are to be gatekeepers and four thousand are to praise the LORD with the musical instruments I have provided for that purpose." NIV


Ezra 3:10 When the builders laid the foundation of the temple of the LORD, the priests in their vestments and with trumpets, and the Levites (the sons of Asaph) with cymbals, took their places to praise the LORD, as prescribed by David king of Israel. 11 With praise and thanksgiving they sang to the LORD: "He is good; his love to Israel endures forever."

And all the people gave a great shout of praise to the LORD, because the foundation of the house of the LORD was laid. NIV

Neh 12:27 At the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem, the Levites were sought out from where they lived and were brought to Jerusalem to celebrate joyfully the dedication with songs of thanksgiving and with the music of cymbals, harps and lyres. 28 The singers also were brought together from the region around Jerusalem — from the villages of the Netophathites, 29 from Beth Gilgal, and from the area of Geba and Azmaveth, for the singers had built villages for themselves around Jerusalem. 30 When the priests and Levites had purified themselves ceremonially, they purified the people, the gates and the wall. 31 I had the leaders of Judah go up on top of the wall. I also assigned two large choirs to give thanks. One was to proceed on top of the wall to the right, toward the Dung Gate. 32 Hoshaiah and half the leaders of Judah followed them, 33 along with Azariah, Ezra, Meshullam, 34 Judah, Benjamin, Shemaiah, Jeremiah, 35 as well as some priests with trumpets, and also Zechariah son of Jonathan, the son of Shemaiah, the son of Mattaniah, the son of Micaiah, the son of Zaccur, the son of Asaph, 36 and his associates — Shemaiah, Azarel, Milalai, Gilalai, Maai, Nethanel, Judah and Hanani — with musical instruments [prescribed by] David the man of God. Ezra the scribe led the procession. 37 At the Fountain Gate they continued directly up the steps of the City of David on the ascent to the wall and passed above the house of David to the Water Gate on the east. 38 The second choir proceeded in the opposite direction. I followed them on top of the wall, together with half the people — past the Tower of the Ovens to the Broad Wall, 39 over the Gate of Ephraim, the Jeshanah Gate, the Fish Gate, the Tower of Hananel and the Tower of the Hundred, as far as the Sheep Gate. At the Gate of the Guard they stopped. 40 The two choirs that gave thanks then took their places in the house of God; so did I, together with half the officials, 41 as well as the priests — Eliakim, Maaseiah, Miniamin, Micaiah, Elioenai, Zechariah and Hananiah with their trumpets— 42 and also Maaseiah, Shemaiah, Eleazar, Uzzi, Jehohanan, Malkijah, Elam and Ezer. The choirs sang under the direction of Jezrahiah. 43 And on that day they offered great sacrifices, rejoicing because God had given them great joy. The women and children also rejoiced. The sound of rejoicing in Jerusalem could be heard far away. 44 At that time men were appointed to be in charge of the storerooms for the contributions, firstfruits and tithes. From the fields around the towns they were to bring into the storerooms the portions required by the Law for the priests and the Levites, for Judah was pleased with the ministering priests and Levites. 45 They performed the service of their God and the service of purification, as did also the singers and gatekeepers, according to the commands of David and his son Solomon. 46 For long ago, in the days of David and Asaph, there had been directors for the singers and for the songs of praise and thanksgiving to God. 47 So in the days of Zerubbabel and of Nehemiah, all Israel contributed the daily portions for the singers and gatekeepers. They also set aside the portion for the other Levites, and the Levites set aside the portion for the descendants of Aaron.

  1 Chron 6:31 These are the men David put in charge of the music in the house of the LORD after the ark came to rest there. 32 They ministered with music before the tabernacle, the Tent of Meeting, until Solomon built the temple of the LORD in Jerusalem. They performed their duties according to the regulations laid down for them.

1 Chron 9:33 Those who were musicians, heads of Levite families, stayed in the rooms of the temple and were exempt from other duties because they were responsible for the work day and night.

 1 Chron 15:11 Then David summoned Zadok and Abiathar the priests, and Uriel, Asaiah, Joel, Shemaiah, Eliel and Amminadab the Levites. 12 He said to them, "You are the heads of the Levitical families; you and your fellow Levites are to consecrate yourselves and bring up the ark of the LORD, the God of Israel, to the place I have prepared for it. 13 It was because you, the Levites, did not bring it up the first time that the LORD our God broke out in anger against us. We did not inquire of him about how to do it in the prescribed way." 14 So the priests and Levites consecrated themselves in order to bring up the ark of the LORD, the God of Israel. 15 And the Levites carried the ark of God with the poles on their shoulders, as Moses had commanded in accordance with the word of the LORD.

16 David told the leaders of the Levites to appoint their brothers as singers to sing joyful songs, accompanied by musical instruments: lyres, harps and cymbals.

17 So the Levites appointed Heman son of Joel; from his brothers, Asaph son of Berekiah; and from their brothers the Merarites, Ethan son of Kushaiah; 18 and with them their brothers next in rank: Zechariah, Jaaziel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Unni, Eliab, Benaiah, Maaseiah, Mattithiah, Eliphelehu, Mikneiah, Obed-Edom and Jeiel, the gatekeepers.

19 The musicians Heman, Asaph and Ethan were to sound the bronze cymbals; 20 Zechariah, Aziel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Unni, Eliab, Maaseiah and Benaiah were to play the lyres according to alamoth,    21 and Mattithiah, Eliphelehu, Mikneiah, Obed-Edom, Jeiel and Azaziah were to play the harps, directing according to sheminith.    22 Kenaniah the head Levite was in charge of the singing; that was his responsibility because he was skillful at it. 23 Berekiah and Elkanah were to be doorkeepers for the ark. 24 Shebaniah, Joshaphat, Nethanel, Amasai, Zechariah, Benaiah and Eliezer the priests were to blow trumpets before the ark of God. Obed-Edom and Jehiah were also to be doorkeepers for the ark. 25 So David and the elders of Israel and the commanders of units of a thousand went to bring up the ark of the covenant of the LORD from the house of Obed-Edom, with rejoicing. 26 Because God had helped the Levites who were carrying the ark of the covenant of the LORD, seven bulls and seven rams were sacrificed. 27 Now David was clothed in a robe of fine linen, as were all the Levites who were carrying the ark, and as were the singers, and Kenaniah, who was in charge of the singing of the choirs. David also wore a linen ephod. 28 So all Israel brought up the ark of the covenant of the LORD with shouts, with the sounding of rams' horns and trumpets, and of cymbals, and the playing of lyres and harps. 29 As the ark of the covenant of the LORD was entering the City of David, Michal daughter of Saul watched from a window. And when she saw King David dancing and celebrating, she despised him in her heart.

2 Samuel 6: 20Then David returned to bless his household. And Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David, and said, How glorious was the king of Israel to day, who uncovered himself to day in the eyes of the handmaids of his servants, as one of the vain fellows shamelessly uncovereth himself! 
21And David said unto Michal, It was before the LORD, which chose me before thy father, and before all his house, to appoint me ruler over the people of the LORD, over Israel: therefore will I play before the LORD. 22And I will yet be more vile than thus, and will be base in mine own sight: and of the aidservants which thou hast spoken of, of them shall I be had in honour. 23Therefore Michal the daughter of Saul had no child unto the day of her death.

  1 Chronicles 16:1 They brought the ark of God and set it inside the tent that David had pitched for it  {“David’s Tabernacle”), and they presented burnt offerings and fellowship offerings before God. 2 After David had finished sacrificing the burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD. 3 Then he gave a loaf of bread, a cake of dates and a cake of raisins to each Israelite man and woman. 4 He appointed some of the Levites to minister before the ark of the LORD, to make petition, to give thanks, and to praise the LORD, the God of Israel: 5 Asaph was the chief, Zechariah second, then Jeiel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Mattithiah, Eliab, Benaiah, Obed-Edom and Jeiel. They were to play the lyres and harps, Asaph was to sound the cymbals, 6 and Benaiah and Jahaziel the priests were to blow the trumpets regularly before the ark of the covenant of God.

7 That day David first committed to Asaph and his associates this psalm of thanks to the LORD: {David gave them the song to sing.}8 Give thanks to the LORD, call on his name; make known among the nations what he has done. 9 Sing to him, sing praise to him; tell of all his wonderful acts. 10 Glory in his holy name; let the hearts of those who seek the LORD rejoice. 11 Look to the LORD and his strength; seek his face always. 12 Remember the wonders he has done, his miracles, and the judgments he pronounced, 13 O descendants of Israel his servant, O sons of Jacob, his chosen ones. 14 He is the LORD our God; his judgments are in all the earth. 15 He remembers his covenant forever, the word he commanded, for a thousand generations, 16 the covenant he made with Abraham, the oath he swore to Isaac. 17 He confirmed it to Jacob as a decree, to Israel as an everlasting covenant: 18 "To you I will give the land of Canaan as the portion you will inherit." 19 When they were but few in number, few indeed, and strangers in it, 20 they wandered from nation to nation,from one kingdom to another. 21 He allowed no man to oppress them; for their sake he rebuked kings: 22 "Do not touch my anointed ones; do my prophets no harm." 23 Sing to the LORD, all the earth; proclaim his salvation day after day. 24 Declare his glory among the nations, his marvelous deeds among all peoples. 25 For great is the LORD and most worthy of praise; he is to be feared above all gods. 26 For all the gods of the nations are idols, but the LORD made the heavens. 27 Splendor and majesty are before him; strength and joy in his dwelling place. 28 Ascribe to the LORD, O families of nations, ascribe to the LORD glory and strength,   29 ascriInsert title herebe to the LORD the glory due his name. Bring an offering and come before him; worship the LORD in the splendor of his holiness. 30 Tremble before him, all the earth! The world is firmly established; it cannot be moved. 31 Let the heavens rejoice, let the earth be glad; let them say among the nations, "The LORD reigns!" 32 Let the sea resound, and all that is in it; let the fields be jubilant, and everything in them! 33 Then the trees of the forest will sing, they will sing for joy before the LORD, for he comes to judge the earth. 34 Give thanks to the LORD, for he is good; his love endures forever. 35 Cry out, "Save us, O God our Savior; gather us and deliver us from the nations, that we may give thanks to your holy name, that we may glory in your praise." 36 Praise be to the LORD, the God of Israel, from everlasting to everlasting.

Then all the people said "Amen" and "Praise the LORD." 37 David left Asaph and his associates before the ark of the covenant of the LORD to minister there regularly, according to each day's requirements.38 He also left Obed-Edom and his sixty-eight associates to minister with them. Obed-Edom son of Jeduthun, and also Hosah, were gatekeepers. 39 David left Zadok the priest and his fellow priests before the tabernacle of the LORD at the high place in Gibeon 40 to present burnt offerings to the LORD on the altar of burnt offering regularly, morning and evening, in accordance with everything written in the Law of the LORD, which he had given Israel.


1 Sam 10: 10:1 Then Samuel took a flask of oil and poured it on Saul's head and kissed him, saying, "Has not the LORD anointed you leader over his inheritance?   2 When you leave me today, you will meet two men near Rachel's tomb, at Zelzah on the border of Benjamin. They will say to you, 'The donkeys you set out to look for have been found. And now your father has stopped thinking about them and is worried about you. He is asking, "What shall I do about my son?3 "Then you will go on from there until you reach the great tree of Tabor. Three men going up to God at Bethel will meet you there. One will be carrying three young goats, another three loaves of bread, and another a skin of wine. 4 They will greet you and offer you two loaves of bread, which you will accept from them. 5 "After that you will go to Gibeah of God, where there is a Philistine outpost. As you approach the town, you will meet a procession of prophets coming down from the high place with lyres, tambourines, flutes and harps being played before them, and they will be prophesying. 6 The Spirit of the LORD will come upon you in power, and you will prophesy with them; and you will be changed into a different person. 7 Once these signs are fulfilled, do whatever your hand finds to do, for God is with you. NIV

 2 Kings 3: 14 Elisha said, "As surely as the LORD Almighty lives, whom I serve, if I did not have respect for the presence of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, I would not look at you or even notice you. 15 But now bring me a harpist. While the harpist was playing, the hand of the LORD came upon Elisha 16 and he said, "This is what the LORD says: Make this valley full of ditches. 17 For this is what the LORD says: You will see neither wind nor rain, yet this valley will be filled with water, and you, your cattle and your other animals will drink. 18 This is an easy thing in the eyes of the LORD; he will also hand Moab over to you. 19 You will overthrow every fortified city and every major town. You will cut down every good tree, stop up all the springs, and ruin every good field with stones." 20 The next morning, about the time for offering the sacrifice, there it was — water flowing from the direction of Edom! And the land was filled with water.

Ps 81: 1 For the director of music. According to gittith.  Of Asaph.Sing for joy to God our strength;shout aloud to the God of Jacob! 2 Begin the music, strike the tambourine,play the melodious harp and lyre. NIV

 Ps 92:. It is good to praise the LORD and make music to your name, O Most High,

2 to proclaim your love in the morning  and your faithfulness at night, 3 to the music of the ten-stringed lyre and the melody of the harp. 4 For you make me glad by your deeds, O LORD; I sing for joy at the works of your hands. 5 How great are your works, O LORD,how profound your thoughts! NIV

Ps 150:1 Praise the LORD. Praise God in his sanctuary;praise him in his mighty heavens. 2 Praise him for his acts of power;praise him for his surpassing greatness. 3 Praise him with the sounding of the trumpet,praise him with the harp and lyre, 4 praise him with tambourine and dancing,praise him with the strings and flute, 5 praise him with the clash of cymbals,praise him with resounding cymbals. 6 Let everything that has breath praise the LORD.  

Rev 15:1 I saw in heaven another great and marvelous sign: seven angels with the seven last plagues — last, because with them God's wrath is completed. 2 And I saw what looked like a sea of glass mixed with fire and, standing beside the sea, those who had been victorious over the beast and his image and over the number of his name. They held harps given them by God 3 and sang the song of Moses the servant of God and the song of the Lamb: "Great and marvelous are your deeds, Lord God Almighty. Just and true are your ways, King of the ages. 4 Who will not fear you, O Lord, and bring glory to your name? For you alone are holy. All nations will come and worship before you, for your righteous acts have been revealed."   Eph 5:19 Speak to one another with psalms, hymns and spiritual songs. Sing and make music in your heart to the Lord, 20 always giving thanks to God the Father for everything, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. NIV